The Benefits of Outdoor Cannabis in Relation to Terpenes


Sep 12, 2023


The cultivation of cannabis has evolved over the years, and with it, different methods of growing have emerged. One method gaining popularity is sungrown outdoor cannabis cultivation, where the plants are grown outdoors, utilizing natural sunlight.

This approach not only has numerous environmental advantages but also impacts the chemical composition of the plant, including the production of terpenes. In this blog post, we will explore the benefits of sungrown cannabis cultivation in relation to terpenes, highlighting how this method can enhance the aroma, flavour, and therapeutic potential of cannabis.

Understanding Terpenes

Terpenes are organic compounds found in cannabis and various other plants. They are responsible for the distinct aromas and flavours exhibited by different strains. Terpenes also play a significant role in the entourage effect, where they synergistically interact with cannabinoids to enhance the overall cannabis experience.

Factors Influencing Terpene Production in Sungrown Outdoor Cannabis

Natural Sunlight: Our cannabis thrives under the open sky, soaking in the full spectrum of natural sunlight. It's a luxury indoor and greenhouse growers can't entirely replicate. This sunbeam bonanza triggers a terpene symphony, giving our cannabis those delightful aroma and flavour notes you love.

Embracing Stress: Yup, you read that right. Our outdoor champs face the elements head-on – pests, weather swings, you name it. But guess what? These challenges kick our cannabis into high gear. The plants rev up their terpene production as a natural defense mechanism, resulting in buds bursting with unique terpene profiles.

Rich, Organic Soil: Our cannabis enjoys the good life in nutrient-rich, organic soil. This natural goodness not only keeps our plants healthy but also fuels terpene production. Meanwhile, some indoor and greenhouse buddies rely on synthetic nutrients that just can't match the terpene synthesis power of Mother Earth.

Biodiversity Matters: Our cannabis isn't alone out there. It mingles with a diverse crowd of other plant species, creating a thriving ecosystem. This plant interaction jazzes up terpene production and adds layers to the aroma and flavor profiles. It's like a terpene party in every bud. So, when you savor our sun-grown cannabis, know that you're experiencing the magic of nature's terpene orchestra, conducted exclusively for you.

The Impact of Light on Terpene Production

a. Natural Sunlight: Sungrown cannabis benefits from exposure to the full spectrum of natural sunlight. This broad range of light wavelengths stimulates the plant's production of terpenes. Sunlight provides the ideal balance of intensity, spectrum, and duration necessary for optimal terpene development. As a result, sungrown cannabis tends to have robust and diverse terpene profiles, contributing to a rich sensory experience.

b. Artificial Lighting: In contrast, indoor cultivation relies on artificial lighting sources such as high-intensity discharge lamps or LEDs. While these lighting systems can provide consistency and control, they often lack the full spectrum of natural sunlight. This limited spectrum may lead to variations in terpene production, potentially affecting the aroma and flavour profiles of indoor-grown cannabis.

As per the National Library of Medicine, "there were significantly greater oxidized and degraded cannabinoids in the indoor-grown samples". Meaning outdoor sungrown cannabis has significantly more terpene content than indoor or greenhouse grown.

Purple Kush grown outdoors using sunlight

Growing Cannabis Outdoors

a. Temperature: Sungrown cannabis plants experience natural temperature fluctuations throughout the day and night. These temperature variations can positively influence terpene synthesis, as certain terpenes are produced in response to specific temperature ranges. This natural temperature modulation contributes to the complexity and diversity of terpenes in sungrown cannabis.

b. Air Quality: Outdoor cultivation exposes cannabis plants to fresh air and a variety of natural elements. This exposure can influence the terpene composition of the plants, as they interact with airborne compounds and environmental factors. The natural airflow in outdoor environments promotes healthy terpene production and may contribute to a more robust terpene profile.

c. Soil Composition: The soil composition in sungrown outdoor cannabis cultivation plays a crucial role in terpene production. Natural, nutrient-rich soil can provide the necessary elements and microorganisms that support the synthesis of terpenes. The diverse microbial ecosystem in outdoor soil contributes to the overall health and vitality of the plants, influencing terpene production.

Fields of sungrown cannabis in the Kootenays

How do Terpenes Affect Flavour, Aroma, and Therapeutic Potential?

Sungrown cannabis's diverse and rich terpene profiles directly impact the flavour and aroma of the plant. Strains grown outdoors are just better. The natural environment in which sungrown cannabis thrives allows for the development of complex terpene combinations, resulting in a wider range of flavours and fragrances compared to indoor-grown counterparts. This diverse sensory experience can enhance the enjoyment and appreciation of cannabis for consumers.

Furthermore, terpenes are not only responsible for sensory attributes but also contribute to the therapeutic potential of cannabis. Different terpenes have been associated with various therapeutic properties, such as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anxiolytic effects. By cultivating cannabis outdoors and promoting the synthesis of a diverse array of terpenes, sungrown cannabis offers a broader spectrum of potential therapeutic benefits to users.


Sungrown cannabis cultivation offers unique advantages when it comes to terpene production.

By harnessing the power of natural sunlight, temperature fluctuations, and environmental factors, sungrown outdoor cannabis develops robust and diverse terpene profiles. These terpenes contribute to the complex flavours, aromas, and potential therapeutic effects of cannabis. As consumers and cultivators recognize the value of terpenes in the overall cannabis experience, the demand for sungrown cannabis is expected to continue to rise. By appreciating the benefits of sungrown cultivation, we can embrace a more holistic and environmentally sustainable approach to cannabis production while enjoying the full sensory and therapeutic potential of this remarkable plant.